Sgt. James Arthur Bainbridge jr.
Sgt. James A. Bainbridge Jr., was born in July 20, 1918, in Chicago, Illinois. He was the son of James A. Bainbridge Sr. & Maude Floor-Bainbridge. With his brother, Jack, he grew up at 910 South 9th Avenue in Maywood, Illinois. He attended Emerson Grade School and was a member of the Proviso Township High School Class of 1937. After high school, he worked as a salesman and driver for a grocery store. He was engaged to Rose Vertuno, the sister of Russell Vertuno, another member of Company B.
With his two boyhood friends, Bob Peterson and Ray Vandenbroucke, Jim joined the Illinois National Guard's 33rd Tank Company in Maywood, Illinois, in September 1940. As a member of the tank company, he was called to federal service on November 25, 1940.
At Fort Knox, Kentucky, the tank company was
designated Company B, 192nd Tank
Battalion. While there, Jim graduated from
armor school and qualified as a radio operator
first class on May 6, 1941. This special
rating entitled him to the rank of Private First
The battalion traveled west by train to
San Francisco. Arriving there,
they were taken by ferry to Angel Island
in San Francisco Bay. At Ft.
McDowell, they were given physicals and
inoculated. Those men found
to have a minor medical condition were
held back and scheduled to rejoin the
battalion at a later date.
The morning of December 8th, the tankers were informed of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor They were ordered to return to the perimeter of the airfield to guard against Japanese paratroopers. As they watched the sky that morning, it was filled with American planes. At noon, the planes landed and the pilots went to lunch.
At 12:45, as the tankers were having lunch,
planes were seen approaching the airfield from
the north. At first, they thought the
planes were Americans, until they noticed silver
droplets falling from the planes. When bombs began
exploding on the runways, they knew the planes
were Japanese. The bombing destroyed most
of the planes of the Army Air Corps. After the
attack, the battalion remained at the airfield
During the withdraw into the peninsula, the night of January 6th/7th, the 192nd held its position so that the 194th Tank Battalion could leap frog past it, cross a bridge, and then cover the 192nd's withdraw over the bridge. The 192nd was the last American unit to enter Bataan.
During the withdraw into the peninsula, the
company crossed over the last bridge which was
mined and about to be blown. The 192nd
held its position so that the 194th Tank
Battalion could leap frog past it and then cover
the 192nd's withdraw. The 192nd was the last
American unit to enter Bataan.
also took part in the Battle of the Pockets
to wipe out Japanese soldiers who had been
trapped behind the main defensive
line. The tanks would enter the pocket
one at a time to replace a tank in the
pocket. Another tank did not enter the
pocket until a tank exited the pocket.
Jim, with his company, would fall slowly back toward the Bataan Peninsula. As a member of Sgt. Jim Bashleben's half-track crew, he did reconnaissance for the tanks. The 192nd was the last American unit to enter Bataan moments before the last bridge was destroyed by American engineers.
Jim became a Prisoner of War on April 9, 1942. With his company, Jim made his way to Marveles at the southern tip of Bataan. From there, he started what has become known as the Bataan Death March.
Jim walked most of the march with, his two boyhood friends, Sgt. Ray Vadenbroucke and S/Sgt. Bob Peterson. On the march, the three soldiers saw that Sgt Al Cornils was not doing well. To prevent him from falling out, Bob, Ray, and Jim carried Cornils between them. As if to prove how precarious each man's situation was. Before the march was over, Jim was carried between his two boyhood friends. Both of his friends knew that if Jim fell out, he would be killed by the Japanese.
When the POWs reached San Fernando, they were packed into small wooden boxcars used to haul sugarcane. Each car could hold forty men or eight horses. The Japanese packed 100 POWs into each car. Those who died, during the train ride, remained standing until the living left the cars at Capas.
Once out of the train cars, the POWs still had ten miles to walk. During the last two miles of the march, Jim is credited with helping to carry Sgt. Walter Cigoi the last few miles of the march. Jim and Sgt. Jim Bashleben found Walter Cigoi laying on the ground and frothing at the mouth. The two men carried Walter into Camp O'Donnell and laid him under a Napa hut. Later, when they came back to check on him, Walter was gone.
As a POW, Jim was held first at Camp O'Donnell and Cabanatuan. On Wednesday, September 23, 1942, Sgt. James Bainbridge died of dysentery at Cabanatuan POW Camp. He was 24 years old. As he laid dying, maggots crawled out of his mouth and on his body.
After the war, the remains of Sgt. James A. Bainbridge were reburied at the new American Military Cemetery at Manila. He was buried in Plot N, Row 12, Grave 155 at the cemetery.