Cpl. John Patrick Cahill
Cpl. John P. Cahill was born on October 6, 1916, in Butte, Montana, to John T. Cahill and Teresa Tighe-Cahill. He was the oldest of the couple's four children. His father died in 1920, and his mother remarried. With mother and half-sister he resided at 608 Clemens Court in Saint Louis, Missouri. |
The family moved to Chicago and lived at 4822 North Kenmore Avenue. He graduated high school and worked as a stock boy. He and his brother would move to 825 South Scoville Avenue in Oak Park, Illinois.
John joined the Illinois National Guard with his brother Pvt. James A. Cahill. Together they were called to active duty when the 33rd Tank Company of the Illinois National Guard was federalized in November of 1940.
John trained at Fort Knox, Kentucky, were he learned how to operate motorcycles, tanks and half-tracks. He attended school and qualified as a tank driver. Next, he took part in the Louisiana maneuvers of 1941 as a member of Company B, 192nd Tank Battalion. It was there that the members of the 192nd first learned that their federal tour of duty had been extended, and that they had been selected for duty overseas.
On December 1st, the tanks were ordered to the perimeter of Clark Field to guard against paratroopers. Two crew members had to be with their tank at all times. They received their meals from food trucks.
Tanks from his platoon, under the command of Lt. Ben Morin, were sent to Damortis after reports came in that a Japanese cyclist or motorized unit was approaching the town. John's unit did not encounter the Japanese there so they went on to Agoo. Since the tanks could not maneuver in the fields and had a tendency of getting stuck, they moved down the main highway in single file.
As the tanks went around a bend in the road, the tanks from Company B ran into a column of Japanese light tanks that had set up a road block. These light tanks had sloped sides, a low silhouette and no turret. The American tankers found it extremely difficult to score a disabling hit on them. Due to the high silhouettes of the American tanks, they were easy targets for the Japanese 47-mm guns.
John's tank was repeatedly hit by fire and left the road to maneuver out of the trap. It was during this maneuver that the tank took a disabling hit. The remaining four tanks attempted to come to the aid of the tank but had to give up due to heavy anti-tank fire.
John, along with Lt. Ben Morin, Pvt. Steve Gados and Pvt. Louis Zelis became the first American tank personnel to become Prisoners of War during World War II. John would spend the next three and one half years as a POW at various camps. On April 4, 1942, he was sent to Cabanatuan.
After Bataan had been surrendered, John learned from other members of Company B that his brother, Jim, had died during a Japanese bombing. As a result of this, John refused to salute the Japanese and their flag. He was repeatedly beaten for his disobedience, but he never did salute their flag. On March 23, 1943, he was admitted into the camp hospital. The medicals records do not indicate the illness he was suffering from or when he was discharged.
After Cabanatuan, John was sent to Agoo and finally Japan. The ship he left Manila on the Coral Maru the ship was also known as the Taga Maru. The trip lasted from September 20, 1943, to October 5, 1943. During the trip the ship stopped at Takao, Formosa before arriving in Japan.
After disembarking the ship, John was assigned to Hirohata Camp which was 30 miles from Osaka. Also in the camp were Cpl. Erwin Glasenapp and Pvt. Wallace Marston of B Company. There he was assigned POW number 579.
The POWs at
At the end of the war on September 4, 1945, John was liberated from Hirohata Camp on September 9, 1945. After he was liberated he was taken by the U.S.A.H.S. Marigold to Saipan. From there, he was taken to Marianas and flown by the U.S. Air Transport Command to the United States. He returned to Illinois and was discharged, from the army, on May 1, 1946. It was after his return to Chicago that John learned that his younger brother, Joe, also had died in the war when his bomber clashed at sea between Greenland and Iceland on August 30, 1944. Joe had joined the Army Air Corps to avenge Jim's death.
John P. Cahill would later live in San Antonio, Texas. He passed away on October 20, 1992, in Niles, Illinois.