Pfc. Alexander Gorr
Pfc. Alexander Gorr, was born on November 22,
1921, to Sophie and Gottlieb Gorr in
Michigan. He lived at 23 South 15th Avenue
in Maywood, Illinois, and went to St. Paul
Lutheran Elementary School in Melrose Park,
Illinois. After grade school, Al attended Proviso
Township High School in Maywood. While a
student at Proviso, he loved to spend his free
time playing golf. Alex
left school and went to work in a soft drink
Alex joined the Illinois National Guard and
became a member of the Company B, 192nd Tank
Battalion when his unit was called into federal
service. His company trained at Fort Knox,
Kentucky, were he learned operate halftracks and
tanks. During his time at Ft. Knox, Alex
became a tank driver. He also is known to
have been a good mechanic.
The tank battalion received
orders on December 21st that it
was to proceed north to Lingayen
Gulf. Because of
logistics problems, the B and C
Companies soon ran low on
gas. When they reached
Rosario, there was only enough
for one tankplatoon, from B
Company, to proceed north to
support the 26th Cavalry.
During the withdraw into the peninsula, the night of January 6th/7th, the 192nd held its position so that the 194th Tank Battalion could leap frog past it, cross a bridge, and then cover the 192nd's withdraw over the bridge. The 192nd was the last American unit to enter Bataan.
During the withdraw into the peninsula, the
company crossed over the last bridge which was
mined and about to be blown. The 192nd
held its position so that the 194th Tank
Battalion could leap frog past it and then cover
the 192nd's withdraw. The 192nd was the last
American unit to enter Bataan.
also took part in the Battle of the Pockets
to wipe out Japanese soldiers who had been
trapped behind the main defensive
line. The tanks would enter the pocket
one at a time to replace a tank in the
pocket. Another tank did not enter the
pocket until a tank exited the pocket.
Alex was taken as a Prisoner of War when Bataan was surrendered to the Japanese on April 9, 1942. He took part in the death march and spent time as a prisoner at Camp O'Donnell. While a POW at Camp O'Donnell, Al was sent out on a work detail to scavenger destroyed American equipment as scrap metal. During the six months Alex spent on this detail, Al drove a truck carrying the scrap metal to Manila. While on this detail, Al and the other POWs received treatment that was much better than that given to other prisoners. When the detail ended, Alex was returned to Cabanatuan.
The POWs at Cabanatuan had their first glimpse that America was winning the war when they witnessed a dogfight above the camp. The planes were too high to see insignia, but they could tell that the planes were engaging each other. One plane, a Japanese fighter, crashed outside the camp as the POWs cheered. Another plane, an American, followed the first plane down. Upon seeing the stars on the wings of the plane, the POWs cheered.
A short time later, they heard explosions to the southwest of the camp. They knew that Clark Field and Manila were being bombed. They now knew that liberation was a possibility.
A couple of days later, the Japanese transferred
two groups of 250 POWs from Cabanatuan and took
them to Manila. This was done to prevent these
men from being liberated.
On October 10, 1944, Al was boarded onto the Arisan Maru. On October 11th, the ship set sail but took a southerly route away from Formosa. The ship anchored in a cove off Palawan Island where it remained for ten days. This resulted in the ship missing an air attack by American planes, but the ship was attacked by American planes. During this time, one of the POWs was shot and killed while attempting to escape. The Arisan Maru returned to Manila on October 20th. There, it joined a convoy.
On October 21st, the convoy left Manila and entered the South China Sea. The Japanese refused to mark POW ships with red crosses to indicate they were carrying POWs. This made the ships targets for submarines.
According to the survivors of the Arisan Maru, on Tuesday, October 24, 1944, about 5:00 pm, POWs were on deck preparing the meal for those in the ship's two holds. The ship was, in the Bashi Channel, off the coast of China. Suddenly, sirens and other alarms were heard. The men inside holds knew this meant that American submarines had been spotted and began to chant for the submarines to sink the ship.
The Japanese on deck began running around the ship. As the POWs watched, a torpedo passed the bow of the ship. Moments later, a second torpedo passed the ship's stern. There was a sudden jar and the ship stopped dead in the water. It had been hit by two torpedoes amidships in its third hold where there were no POWs. It is believed that the submarine that fired the torpedoes was the U. S. S Snook.
One of the Japanese guards took a machine gun and began firing on the POWs who were on deck. To escape, the POWs dove back into the holds. After they were in, the Japanese put the hatch covers on the holds.
As the Japanese abandoned ship, they cut the rope ladders into the ship's two holds, but they did not tie down the hatch covers. Some of the POWs in the second hold were able to climb out and reattached the ladders into the holds. They also dropped ropes down to the POWs in both holds.
The POWs were able to get onto the deck of the ship. At first, few POWs attempted to escape the ship. A group of 35 swam to a nearby Japanese ship, but when the Japanese realized they were POWs, they were pushed away with poles and hit with clubs. The Japanese destroyers in the convoy deliberately pulled away from the POWs as they attempted to reach them.
As the ship got lower in the water, some POWs took to the water. These POWs attempted to escape the ship by clinging to rafts, hatch covers, flotsam and jetsam. Most of the POWs were still on deck even after it became apparent that the ship was sinking. The exact time of the ship's sinking is not known since it took place after dark.
Five of the POWs found a abandoned lifeboat, but since they had no paddles, they could not maneuver it to help other POWs. According to the survivors, the Arisan Maru sank sometime after dark. As the night went on, the cries for help grew fewer until there was silence.
According to Al's family, the night Al died, his mother awoke, very upset, from a dream. She told her family that he had drowned. She also told them that he had a difficult time swimming because he had a leg wound. At the time, the family members believed she was just upset about her dream and reassured her that Al was safe in the Philippines. Only after the war, did they learn that he had drowned like his mother had dreamt.
Posthumously, Al was awarded the Purple Heart, the Distinguished Unit Citation with Oak Leaves, the Victory Medal, the Foreign Service and the Asiatic Pacific Campaign Ribbons. Since he died at sea, Pfc. Alex Gorr's name appears on the Tablets of the Missing at the American Military Cemetery at Manila