Pvt. Joseph Donald Lajzer

    Pvt. Joseph D. Lajzer was born on October 30, 1918, in Toledo, Ohio.  He was one of five sons and two daughters born to Peter & Katherine Lazjer.  With his three brothers and two sisters, he lived at 3345 Maple Street in Toledo and attended St. Albert's School and then Webster Elementary School.  He attended Woodward High School for three years but left to support his family.  Joe worked constructing a park with the Civilian Conservation Corps.   

    During Joe's training, he was trained as a tank driver and to do maintenance work on machine guns.  He then was sent to Camp Polk Louisiana with the 753rd in 1941.  At Camp Polk,  he volunteered to join the 192nd Tank Battalion.  The battalion had been selected for overseas duty and needed replacements for men who had been determined "too old" to go overseas.  After volunteering, he was assigned to Company B. 

    The 192nd's deployment to the Philippines was code named "PLUM."  This was suppose to be a secret move.  One day Joe and three other members of B Company went to a local tavern.  When the waitress saw him she said, " Hey Joe! I hear you're going to the Philippine Islands.  Your code name is PLUM."  Joe thought to himself that it wasn't much of a secret if the civilians knew where they were going.
From Camp Polk, the battalion traveled west over four different train routes.  Arriving in San Francisco, the soldiers were ferried to Ft. McDowell on Angel Island.  On the island, the soldiers were given physicals and inoculated for tropical diseases. Those with health issues were released from service and replaced.
    The battalion sailed from San Francisco on Monday, October 27th for Hawaii as part of a three ship convoy.  They arrived in Hawaii on Sunday, November 2nd, and had a layover.  The soldiers received passes and allowed to explore the islands.  They sailed again on Tuesday, November 4th, for Guam.  When the ships arrived at Guam, they took on bananas, vegetables, coconuts, and water.  The soldiers remained on ship since the convoy was sailing the next day. About 8:00 in the morning on November 20th, the ships arrived at Manila Bay.  After arriving at Manila, it was three or four hours before they disembarked.  Most of the battalion boarded trucks and rode to Ft. Stotsenburg north of Manila.
    At the fort, the tankers were met by General Edward King.  King welcomed them and made sure that they had what they needed.  He also was apologetic that there were no barracks for the tankers and that they had to love in tents.  The fact was he had not learned of their arrival until days before they arrived.
    For the next seventeen days the tankers spent much of their time removing cosmoline from their weapons.  They also spent a large amount of time loading ammunition belts.  The plan was for them, with the 194th Tank Battalion, to take part in maneuvers.

    As a member of Company B, Joseph was assigned to ordnance and worked with Pvt. Carl Maggio and 1st Sgt. Roger Heilig.   The men made sure that the tanks had the ammunition, food and gasoline they needed.

    Joe and Pvt. Carl Maggio were sitting outside their tent loading machine gun belts.  They had heard the news about Pearl Harbor from the medics but did not believe it.  As they worked they heard a noise, Joe and Carl looked up and saw planes.  Since they all knew B-17s were suppose to be landing at Clark Field, Joe paid little attention to the planes. 

    When he heard the sound of bombs exploding Joe took off for cover.  He remembered seeing men running in every direction.  About two blocks from his tent, he found a ditch that was being dug and dove into it.  He shared the trench with two Filipinos.  Doing something was better than just sitting there, so Joe pulled out his .45 and started shooting at the planes. 

     Being assigned to ordnance Joe and 1st Sgt. Roger Heilig worked to get the tanks the supplies they needed.  It was while Joe was doing this job that he met a British officer.  The officer asked Joe and three other men if they could shoot a .45.  Each took a turn attempting to hit a 1917 can of rations.  Joe was the only one to hit it.  The officer made Joe his Bren-gun carrier driver.

    Joe drove the Bren-gun carrier for one or two weeks and drove the officer to the front.  He would stop the carrier and the officer would get out.  He told Joe to wait for him for an hour and if he didn't return to leave without him.  The fifth day they did this Joe waited the hour.  The officer did not return.  Joe waited a second hour, after that hour Joe returned to the bivouac area.  He never saw the officer again.

    Joe was next posted on a machine-gun detail with two other members of the 192nd.  They each worked a two hour shift.  The machine-gun covered an area which the Japanese could attack through.  One night Joe was doing his shift when a Sgt. Chuck Kimberly told him of the surrender.  He finished the shift and left the other two men sleep.  The next morning they destroyed the machine-gun.  Not that long afterwards, Japanese soldiers came through the clearing that their machine-gun had covered.

    The Japanese soldiers searched Joe and the others.  The first soldier took his watch.  The next Japanese soldier took his lighter and gave him matches.  A third soldier took the matches.

    Joe and his company made their way to Mariveles and stayed there for a day.  They were fed a spoonful of rice and a square piece of bacon.  Joe and two other men pulled their food so that they would each get a larger portion.

    Joe took part in the death march and recalled that the POWs had no food, no water and no rest.  On the march, he tried to help the weaker POWs to march.  One of these was Maj. Havelock Nelson.

      On the fourth day of the march,  Joe and the other Prisoners Of War heard a rumor that the injured would be driven to the POW camp.  Joe began to act like he was lame.  He slowly began to fall behind his group.  To his left was a guard, the guard looked at Joe and chased him with his bayonet pointed at Joe.  He recalled that the prisoners marched well into the night, and as they marched, were unaware that they were marching on the bodies of the dead who had been run over by Japanese trucks.

    At San Fernando, about 100 POWs were packed into a boxcar.  Those who died remained standing until the car was emptied at Capas.  When the prisoners got off the train, there were Japanese offering them money to buy food.  Joe did not take it but knew others did.

    The first camp Joseph was held in was Camp O'Donnell.  When he got there, the POWs were searched.  Joe noticed a separate group of POWs.  He counted 38 men.  Joe learned that these men had been found with items that indicated they were Japanese.  These men were to be executed.  Joe was recalled that he was thankful that he had not taken the money at Capas.  He was even more thankful that the Japanese soldier had taken the matches from him.
     To get out of Camp O'Donnell, Joe volunteered to go out on a work detail to rebuild the bridges they had destroyed during the withdraw into Bataan.  250 POWs arrived at Calauan on May 10th, from there, the POWs were divided up into detachments and sent to different barrios.  In Joe's case, he was sent to a saw mill near Lipa Batangas. 
Joe recalled that he and the other POWs slept on the ground.  He also said that that each POW had to pick up a log and carry it to the mill. 

    It was at Lipa Batangas that Joe and his fellow POW's had one of the few moments that could be described as humorous.  The POWs had been working in the hot sun and wanted a break.  Joe being the brave one went up to the Japanese officer in charge of the detail and in his gutter Japanese asked the officer for a break for the POWs.  The officer did not respond.  Joe returned to his fellow POWs cursing in English and Polish about the officer.  

    Again, his fellow POWs convinced Joe to go up to the officer and request a break.  Joe again approached the officer and in his gutter Japanese asked for a break.  When the officer did not respond a second time, Joe began to curse in Polish and English.  The officer looked at him and said in perfect English that Joe was right and that the men deserved a break.  Joe felt pretty silly. 

    When the officer got done talking, Joe asked him where he had learned to speak English.  As it turned out, the officer had been educated at a university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.  He told Joe he returned to Japan to visit his mother and father and that the Japanese government would not let him out of the country.

    Later in the day a American sergeant escaped.  During the escape a Japanese soldier had been killed.  The Japanese had forty Filipinos and seven GIs lined up.  A Japanese lieutenant had a hat with 22 pieces of paper in it.  He came up to Joe and the POWs he was with and told each man to pullout a sheet of paper.  Three sheets of paper had "Xs" on them.  He told them that the men who pulled out the sheets with the "Xs" would be killed.  Another lieutenant, who went to the school in the U. S. came by and asked what was going on, when he found out, he said to the first Japanese officer that Joe and the other POWs had been with him and would not be executed.

     While he was on the detail, a POW escaped.  Since the Japanese had instituted the "Blood Brother" rule, the five men to the man's left and to his right were executed.  This was hard physical work.  He remained on the detail until September 8th when the POWs were sent to Cabanatuan which had opened to replace Camp O'Donnell.
    After arriving in the camp, Joe began to suffer from hemorrhoids and was put into "Zero Ward" on Tuesday, September 9, 1942.  He recalled that he was surrounded by men dying.  To get out of the ward, Joe would take a walk.  It would take him four hours to walk a block and four more to walk back.  He was finally discharged on Friday, October 16th.
    Joe went out on a work detail to Camp Murphy arriving there on October 23, 1943. 
The POWs on the detail worked at constructing a northeast to southwest runway.  The work day for the POWs was from 8:00 A.M. until Noon and 1:00 P.M. until 5:00 P.M.  When they arrived at the airfield they were divided into two groups which alternated between working for a hour while the other and resting for a hour.  
    The work was hard and required the POWs to remove dirt and rock from one ares and dumping it onto the runways.  The dirt and rock was removed with picks and shovels and put into mining cars which were pushed by POWs to the area where they were going to be dumped.

    In May, 1943, the work was sped up.  The POWs weren't sure if this was because they were behind schedule or if the airfield was need because of the military situation.   The runway was built through rice paddies which made the work harder since they still had water in them. 
    POW work hours were changed in January, 1944.   From this time on, the POWs started at 7:00 A.M. and worked until 11:00 A.M. to avoid the hottest part of the day.  In the afternoon, the POWs worked from 1:30 to 5:00 P.M.  They had their one day off a week cut to a half day a week.  On May 26th, the afternoon work hours were extended to 6:00 P.M.  At some point, some POWs were assigned to building a second runway about three miles from the camp.

    Joe was sent to Bilibid and stayed in the prison for about a month at some point.  He was boarded onto "hell ship" the Hokusen Maru on October 1, 1944.  The ship sailed but dropped anchor at the harbor's  breakwater.  It remained there for three days and the temperatures in the hold rose to over 100 degrees causing some men to go crazy.  The Japanese threatened to kill the POWs if they didn't quiet the men.  To do this, the sane POWs strangled those out of their minds or hit them with canteens.
    As part of a ten ship convoy it sailed again on October 4th and stopped at Cabcaban.  The next day, it was at San Fernando La Union, where the ships were joined by four more ships and five escorts. The ships stayed close to the shoreline to prevent submarine attacks which failed since, on October 6th, two of the ships were sunk.

    The ships were informed, on October 9th, that American carriers were seen near Formosa and American planes were in the area.  The decision was made that the ships would sail to Hong Kong. During this part of the trip, the ships ran into American submarines which sank two more ships.  The Hokusen Maru arrived at Hong Kong on October 11th.  While it was in port, American planes bombed the harbor on October 16th.  On October 21st, the ship sailed for Takao, Formosa, arriving on October 24th.

    Many of the POWs disembarked the ship, on November 8th, and held at Inrin Temporary Camp on Formosa.  The POWs did light work and gardened.  The healthier POWs worked at a sugar mill.  The Japanese told the POWs that if the Americans invaded Formosa that they would all be killed.   When the Japanese decided to send the Hokusen Maru POWs to Japan, they determined he was too ill to go.  Joe was reassigned to OKA Camp where the POWs constructed runways.  Joseph also was held at Heito and Taihoku #6.  Joe was one of eleven Americans held in his camp.  Joe also worked on a sanitation detail at one of the camps.  He recalled two men would carry a bucket and dump it into a concrete pool.

    Joe and the other prisoners had no idea  how the war was going.  The first hint that something was happening was when they saw B-29s and P-38s over the island.  The P-38's were involved in dogfights with Japanese planes.  Around September 1st, 1945 food was dropped to the POW's from planes.  The Japanese then gave each POW five cigarettes and a handful of peanuts.  The POWs were told that they did not have to work that day.

    On September 6, 1945, the U. S. Navy came to the island and the POWs were liberated.  In September 1945, Joseph was returned to the Philippine Islands for medical treatment. He was boarded onto the U.S.S. Yarmouth and arrived in San Francisco on October 8, 1944.

    Joseph Lajzer married, Adelina Lopez, and became a father of two children.  He reenlisted, but this time in the U.S. Air Force.  He was a veteran of the Vietnam War.  He was a airplane mechanic at Kelly Air Force Base.  When he retired from the Air Force, he resided in San Antonio, Texas. 

    Joseph Lazjer passed away on March 16, 2013, in San Antonio, Texas.  He was buried at Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery in San Antonio, Texas.
    The photograph at the top of this page was taken immediately after Joe was liberated from the POW camp on Formosa. 



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